View of the exhibition in the Bergen-Belsen Memorial, April 2017

Travelling exhibition Red Triangle

Political prisoners accounted for at least half of all prisoners in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. They included German communists, social democrats, and civil opponents of the Nazis. Most of them came from European countries occupied by Germany – primarily Poland, the Soviet Union, France, and Belgium. All of them wore a red triangle on their clothing to indicate that they were political prisoners.

Many political prisoners died in Bergen-Belsen. After the war, the survivors campaigned for a peaceful, free, and united Europe without nationalism, racism, or antisemitism. But their legacy is in danger of being forgotten.

Using numerous documents and photos as well as example biographies, students from Leibniz Universität Hannover worked with the Memorial to develop an exhibition which provides a comprehensive overview of the range of political prisoners in Bergen-Belsen and what their living conditions were like. A large portion of the exhibition is also dedicated to the question of how the survivors were received by society in their countries of origin after 1945.

The exhibition can be viewed daily from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. in the Forum of the Bergen-Belsen Memorial until 20 August 2017. It can then be loaned to other institutions. The exhibition consists of 15 panels (each 1 metre wide and 1.80 metres high), some of which are connected, as well as one quadratic stele with biographies (sides are 1 metre wide, height is 1.80 metres) and two display cases.